Terminology

Karate - Empty hand

Goju Ryu - Hard-Soft style

Hai - Yes

Osu/Ous - "hello/goodbye" (greeting used in Japanese martial arts)

Gi/Kekogi/Dogi - Uniform

Obi - Belt

Rei-Bow

Seiretsu - Line up

Keotsuke-Come to attention

Seiza-Kneeling

Mokuso-Meditation/Eyes closed/Concentrating your mind

Sensei - Teacher

Sempai/Senpai - Senior

Shihan-Master/Teacher of teachers

Dojo - Training hall

Hajime-Begin/start

Yame-Stop

Kiai-A loud yell/Spirit yell

Renshu Owarimasu-End of day's training

Chojun Miyagi-Founder of Goju Ryu Karatedo

Gogen Yamaguchi -The late 10th Dan Grandmaster of Goju Kai

Yudansha-Black Belt/Person with a Dan Grade

Mudansha-Coloured belt/Kyu Grade/Person without a Dan Grade

Embusen-Line/Direction of the Kata

Numbers

1-Ichi  2-Ni  3-San  4-Shi/Yon  5-Go  6-Rokku  7-Sichi/Nana 8-Hachi  9-Ku  10-Jyu

20-NiJyu     30-SanJyu     40-YonJyu     50-GoJyu      100-Hyaku

Levels

Jodan-Upper     Chudan-Middle     Gedan-Lower

Technique categories

Uke-Block     Tsuki-Punch     Uchi-Strike     Keri-Kick     Dachi-Stance                   Ate-Smash           Waza-Technique      Gyakute Waza-Locking technique           Habushi Waza-Deflecting technique     Nage Waza-Throwing technique

Activity categories

Kihon-Basics      Kata-Forms/Patterns      Kumite-Sparring                             Gyakusuku Kumite-Prearranged Sparring      Bunkai-Explanantion of the Kata

Directions

Hidari-Left     Migi-Right     Mawate-Turn around     Hantei-Change stance     Shomen/Mae-Front   Ushiro-Back     Ura-Reverse     Sangate-To the rear     Mawashi-Round     Yoko-Side         Naote-Return/Resume position                     Moto No Ichi-Resume your original position

Body parts

Atama-Head    Gammen-Face    Kata-Shoulder    Te-Hand    Hara-Abdomen    Tanden-Lower abdomen/"core"    Koshi-Hips/Waist    Mizuchi-Solar Plexus    Hiji/Empi-Elbow    Ribu-Rib    Seiken-2 knuckle fist/"normal" fist    Uraken-reverse knuckle     Shuto-Knife Hand    Haito-Inner ridge of the hand    Haishu-Back of hand    Teisho-Heel palm    Nukite-Spear hand/Fingertips    Tekubi-Wrist    Ude-Arm    Ashi-Foot    Sune-Shin    Momo-Thigh    Hiza-Knee    Heisoku-Instep    Chusoku-Ball of the foot    Kakato-Heel    Sokuto-Blade of the foot  

Colours

Shiro-White     Kin-Gold     Kiiro-Yellow     Orenji-Orange     Aka-Red              Midori-Green     Murasaki-Purple     Ao-Blue     Cha/Chairo-Brown     Kuro-Black

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